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Kampala: William Street, Where Sex Workers Loot Their Clients

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Sex Workers in Kampala

Prostitution is one of the many booming trades in Uganda’s capital, Kampala.

It is rapidly changing players’ lives. The risky business has become an open enterprise in most parts of Kampala metropolitan areas – especially at night where sellers feel it’s a better hour for them.

Tightly dressed or dressed in enticing attires with thighs and breasts at display   – the traders sit or stand at a right posture next or near lodges’ doors waiting for their male customers.

At this moment, many of them are looking from left to right and fore in order not to miss any chance of a man passing by.

They also battle it out should a man stop. Nice words, soft touches are key element one uses to win that particular man. The other option is fee to be paid, the investigations reveal.

Another interesting thing is that they very well know who wants a short [quickie] or long hour session, and once they detect, they call on you with a “killer smile”.

Whereas common language used is local parlance [Luganda, Lunyakore, among others] – there are those [many] that are fluent in English!

“Oh sweet heart, can we go for some short! You’re looking awesome – baby,” they use this statement to entice men; a sex worker tries it out to this reporter.

“You want it quick yet hotter? I can make it better,” one adds.

But why sex trade?

Anita Nuzh [her moniker] told our investigative journalist that: “I’m now 25 with one fatherless child. The father died immediately I gave birth and it was difficult for me to survive without him.”

“Now, I’m making money here and it’s giving me hope since on daily basis, I go home with not less than 200, 000 Uganda shilling.”

“This is my lifetime trade. It’s profitable,” she added.

According to Nuzh, she disciplined one of her clients – a man she detected had a lot of money with on one day.

“Early this year, with help of friends in the same business, there came a man who stopped upon seeing me. He asked me for sex and I said, okay – we go. He paid shilling 10,000 for a room [within trade zone] and gave me shilling 20,000 for 30 minute session. After nearly 5 minutes into the game and I was screaming louder in enjoyment, the door was opened and he noticed, when he asked me what the matter was, I told him nothing – do me. My friends had entered in and took his wallet which later we found had 500, 000 Uganda shilling,” she narrated.

With tremor, and sweats all over his body, Nuzh said she told the man ‘let me come back’ and that was the end of their sexual intercourse.

The young beautiful looking mother of one says stealing from their clients is a daily practice since most of them do not want to be used for more than 30 minutes – a duration one can earn between Uganda shilling 10,000 to shilling 30,000.

“Some of the men who approached us bargain a lot – most of them even stake from Uganda shilling 5,000 and agree to pay for room themselves. These are men we just know have money,” she added.

Asked what other benefits she has or got from selling herself, the 25 year old says: “I have five motorcycles which I have hired out for boda-boda business. I’m getting richer and richer and I don’t regret what I’m doing or done.”

She says her next plan is to develop half an acre land she bought in Nansana Municipality – north of capital Kampala.

“I’m soon being a landlady. I want the dream possible in the next 2 years and it’s coming to pass,” the 25 year old added.

One interesting thing about this group of sex workers is that they are well organized as far as development and change of their livelihoods is concerned.

They are into saving association and according to many who interacted with this reporter, savings are made every Sundays. They have elected leaders; from chairperson to disciplinary officer and loan officers.

“Every Sunday evening each of us according to our constitution must save Uganda shilling 50,000 and there is a fine of shilling 10,000 for anybody who defaults,” sex workers’ saving group treasurer who preferred anonymity told this author.

“We’re 100 members trading from William Street. By first week of December, we have a meeting where members will be disbursed money [their savings] for the last twelve months,” she added.

According to her, members will receive between Uganda shilling 500,000 to 6,000,000 [Five hundred thousand shillings to six million shillings] depending on how one was able to commit to saving.

About the legality of their trade, she opened: “We’re registered as Village Savings and Loan Association [VSLA], we have legal documents and we save our money in a bank.”

According to her, sex trade is not a crime as long as it does not hurt those interested, as long as it’s done indoor, adding: “I have sold myself for 20 years now and I have built a permanent home – my first born graduated from the university last year.”

From all the interactions we have had with some of the sex traders attached to William Street – Kampala – prostitution is a lucrative business. Also, this group of women mind seriously about their health and without condom ON, “No Sex”.

“For the 20 years, no single day have I ever allowed a man to enter me minus putting on condom. I’m mindful about my health and as friends, we always emphasize among ourselves during meetings to always demand for protection,” she reveals.

Doreen Agatha Lukome, a businesswoman in Down Town Kampala says her current business was able to take off with capital she generated from sex trade.

She says life was too hard for her to settle in Kampala after leaving their village in Western part of Uganda in 2010.

“I expected to have a better living, better life at my uncle’s home. I never had such dreams. My aunt would harass me, abuse me and sometimes beat me up. I later took to the street – accepted to do prostitution and now I’m a born-again Christian,” Ms narrates her story.

A mother of three children, two boys and a girl, added that her husband –a  one Lukome, when they just met in early 2011accepted to be with [marry] her regardless of what she was doing.

“He was my customer twice. When we met at some restaurant in town – he proposed to me and told me that “I want you as my wife”. He was such a humble man but initially I thought he was teasing me. He told me and left. The following day he asked for my audience and we met again, and this time – he came with a flower,” now a powerful businesswoman added.

It was from that year, around August that the pair had their traditional marriage followed by Church wedding.

“From selling myself on the streets of Kampala to a housewife and a mother, a businessman whose story make you shade tears, won’t look back” she added.

James Bakama [sir name not real for privacy], a boda boda rider in Kampala says prostitution is one ways they boda boda riders are surviving. Mr. Bakama added that, with his stage near William Street – prostitution “supermarket”, they are first to be considered.

“Some men prefer to go and enjoy themselves from another hotel because of security reason, and in this case, we carry them at a good price because it’s a night,” he revealed.

On transporting sex traders alone daily, the 35 year old boda rider says he mints between Uganda shilling 40,000 to 60,000.

This he says amounts to between Uganda shilling 1,200, 000 to 1,800,000 monthly.

“We make real money, clean money that what our customers make,” Bakama said with happiness.

Legality in Uganda.

According to the 1950 Penal Code of Uganda, prostitution is illegal despite its widespread. Many Ugandan youth have turned to prostitution because of poverty and lack of other opportunities, especially in government.

Article 167 of Uganda Penal Code says, [a] any person who being a prostitute, behaves in a disorderly or indecent manner in any public place; wanders or places him or herself in any public place to beg or gather alms, [b] or causes or procures or encourages any child to do so; [c] plays at any game of chance for money or money’s worth in any public place; [d] [publicly conducts him or herself in a manner likely to cause a breach of the place; [e] without lawful excuse, publicly does indecent act; [f] in any public place solicits or loiters for immoral purposes; [g] wanders about and endeavors by the exposure of wounds or deformation to obtain or gather alms, shall be deemed an idle and disorderly person, and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for three months or to a fine not exceeding three thousands shillings or to both such fine and imprisonment, but in case of an offence contrary to paragraph [a], [e] or [f] that person is liable to imprisonment for seven years.

However, with all those legal provisions in place, and with many often arrested by government security forces, none has been convicted to prison. In fact, many have been subjected to community services and acquitted.

It has become a source of income even when its risks are high. While it’s an open business, numbers of females are quite visible compared to buyers [males] who often remain wary.

And from the investigations done, most men don’t want to be noticed, many of them bargain on phone or call a woman he wants to have sex with to his car, a restaurant and talk about terms and condition.

“It’s shameful seeing a man bargain for sex, extremely shameful but there are many men who cheat on their wives in Kampala,” Aggrey Kirundu tells this news website.

Government to take actions.

Often, Ethics and Integrity Minister Fr. Simon Lokodo has decried increased immorality among people living in urban areas.

He notes that many of these young people are recklessly engaging in sexual acts from anywhere, anyhow, anytime with anybody.

To him, it’s increasing the spread of HIV/Aids not only in Uganda but in the entire great lakes region.

“They are doing it secretly not openly but that’s criminal,” Fr. Simon Lokodo told TND News Uganda on Wednesday morning.

“Government is not condoning that. It’s unlawful and you must have heard me arresting them in Kampala, especially those operating from Speke Street and Kabalagala,” Minister Lokodo also said when asked on what government has put in place to restrict sex trade in Kampala and Uganda.

Popular arrest.

The popular arrest of these traders was way back in March 2015 when Uganda’s Ethic and Integrity Minister, Fr. Simon Peter Lokodo says government’s pledge to work with responsible institutions to curb the ever increasing practice of prostitution and pornography was reaching success end.

Calling it evil act, Fr. Minister Lokodo says prostitution is the sexual relations in exchange for payment or some other benefit – describing it also as “commercial sex”.

“The latest incidence is the arrest of men and women in a Brothel in Bakuli, a Kampala Surburb yesterday Thursday 5th March 2015. The culprits are under custody at the Central Police Station, Kampala for further interrogation and charge by the Police and other responsible institutions,” Minister said at that time.

“Government remains committed to curbing the ever-increasing immorality in Uganda through enforcement of the law, prosecution, courts. This will also require concerted efforts with; nonprofit organizations, service providers, women, child and youth advocates, schools, survivors, legislators, faith and business communities, labor, and health. We call upon all stakeholders and right thinking citizens of Uganda to cooperate in all programs to curb this,” he added.

In 2015, Uganda’s Parliament discussed the matter of prostitution where it referred to prostitutes as sex workers. By such reference though, parliament found there was no such term ‘sex worker’ under Uganda law.

This popular practice is not only limited to most streets but can be executed or in bars, restaurant and other private places.

Synopsis.

In 2003, Ugandan government ordered sex workers to pay a tax of 9,000 Uganda shilling in order to operate in Malaba. Also in 2003, Ugandan MPs met sex workers who were concerned about police brutality and claiming that it was unfair that police officers were arresting sex workers while they waited for their clients.

Ahead of the 2007 Commonwealth leaders’ meeting in Kampala, the prostitutes were moved out of the city centre to designated zones in the suburbs.

“Great Lakes” sex workers disagree.

In 2016, aggression emerged in Kampala between Ugandan and Kenyan prostitutes. The Kenyan prostitutes were charging incredibly low fee and the Ugandans were angry that the Kenyans were taking their entire venture.

Local leaders intervened to stop the fighting, and the Kenyans agreed to charge the same price as the Ugandans.

Two Kenyan prostitutes were injured. In an attempt to stop the influx of Kenyan prostitutes, the authorities planned to charge a registration fees.

CEWIGO adds voice.

Noreen Nampewo – Program Officer with Centre for Women in Governance [CEWIGO], a Ugandan organization known for promoting peace and security of women, says they have lobbied, and advocated for increased awareness on women peace and security in the country.

She notes that they work with refugees’ women, leaders, common woman, Gender Base Violence Survivors from any women groups like sex workers.

This, she says sex workers under their umbrella body Women’s Organization Network for Human Rights Advocacy [WONETH]

“We reach out to girls in higher institutions of learning through planned outreaches, empowerment skills, mentor-ship training among others,” Ms Noreen added.

Prostitution at public Universities.

 Evelyn Natasha [sir name not real one], a university student at Kyambogo University in Kampala says she has been able to meet other basic needs because of prostitution.

Natahsa, 26, and a second year student of Business Administration [bachelors degree] added she doesn’t regret selling herself for extra money.

“I come from a poor family and it’s my uncle paying my tuition. During my first year at campus, I had a roommate who taught me to do it. We would go to different clubs in Kampala like Club Ambiance, dance and hook loaded men. I became addicted to it,” she told our journalist.

Like any other women feeling stressed because she can’t live without enough money, the 26 year old university student encourages her sex mate to fear nothing.

“As long as you’re ready to tell him “put the condom on”, do not shy. This is risky but I believe I have kept myself and I’m safe with no virus,” she comfortably says.

And whereas she has said she can’t be enjoyed without condom on, Natasha reveals that in early 2018 she conceived and on realization she had to abort.

To her, it was not possible to study, carry on with prostitution and take care of the baby at the same time.

“I had a lengthy deep thought whether it was possible to keep the pregnancy. But on the contrary, I would lose money for the period of about 9 months,” she said.

For her, her customers are Kampala elite men, most of them she says work for big companies, government ministries, NGOs, among companies.

Kizito Anthony, 28, a student in his final year at Makerere University says he was poverty prompted him to look for sugar mummies in Kampala to sponsor his education; this was after he lost his only uncle who was taking care of him.

Kizito revealed that in 2016, second year semester, his uncle died in a road accident and it was from there that his hopes got lost. Asked why, he said his uncle initially faced pressure from his wife not to pay his tuition.

“My aunt was against me. She often told my uncle I would be of no help to their family once I get job, every semester I would report two or three weeks into official reporting date,” he recalled.

“When he passed on untimely, I had it in my mind that was the end of my studies and indeed it was. I had to take a risk that I never wanted or thought about while growing. I became paralyzed in my heart, nobody was there to help me – I approached a friend who introduced me to some loaded businesswoman in Wandegeya, Kampala and from there we grew intimacy,” he added.

Finishing his studies next year, Kizito added that he’s now guilty of what to do, revealing that his “wife” wants him to concentrate on her, something he’s now against.

“I’ve now a big task on what to do, who to be with as my woman. This woman of mine is on my neck,” he said with signs of confusion.

The 28 year old orphan reveals that what is left of him is to decide on if he must marry a woman who paid his university tuition for two years or to abandon her for a young but learned partner, in whom he can start a fresh life.

Having left a girl he was dating in his native home, he says that could be an option, adding, “she has been my best girlfriend and stood with me at difficult times besides being jobless.”

HIV prevalence in Uganda.

 On February 23, 2017, United Nations in Uganda says HIV situation in the country needed renewed and urgent action.

In their report – young girls between the ages of 15 to 24 were already affected by HIV and that every single hour; two young girls were getting infected with the deadly virus.

The report further unveiled a shocking date, indicating that HIV prevalence among adolescent females stood at 9.1 percent, 1.8 percent above entire national percentage of 7.1.

The country loses 76 people to AIDS related illnesses daily and 230 get infected with the deadly virus each day. About 83260 die of it annually as per 2017 statistics.

“The work of the Global Review Panel cannot be carried out in Geneva alone; hence I am grateful that partners engaged in this inclusive consultation. Uganda has an important story to tell. Country perspectives need to be better understood in order to refine and reinforce the work of the unique Joint Programme on AIDS,” Swedish Ambassador to Uganda, Lennarth Hjelmaker said.

“Uganda as a country is committed to ending AIDS as a public health threat by 2030 and we welcome action taken to review and re-invigorate the joint UN family to support us and realize this goal at the country level,” Professor Vinand Nantulya, Chairman Uganda AIDS Commission said.

Uganda Furious Over EU Parliament Call to Postpone Oil Megaprojects

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Uganda’s parliament has lashed out at European lawmakers over a resolution condemning a massive East African oil project and calling for it to be delayed.

France’s TotalEnergies and the China National Offshore Oil Corporation signed a $10-billion agreement earlier this year to develop Ugandan oilfields and ship the crude through a 1,445-kilometre pipeline to Tanzania’s Indian Ocean port of Tanga.

The scheme has run into strong opposition from rights activists and environmental groups that say it threatens the livelihoods of tens of thousands of people and fragile ecosystems in the region.

The European Parliament resolution adopted on Thursday voiced concern over “human rights violations” in Uganda and Tanzania linked to investments in fossil fuel projects.

These included “wrongful imprisonment of human rights defenders, the arbitrary suspension of NGOs, arbitrary prison sentences and the eviction of hundreds of people from their land without fair and adequate compensation”.

It said more than 100,000 people were at risk of being displaced by the East Africa Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP) and called for them to be adequately compensated.

It also urged TotalEnergies to take a year before launching the project to study the feasibility of an alternative route “to better safeguard protected and sensitive ecosystems and the water resources of Uganda and Tanzania”.

‘Affront’

The project aims to extract the huge crude reserves under Lake Albert, a 160-kilometre-long natural border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo, and ship the oil through what would become the world’s longest heated pipeline.

Lake Albert lies atop an estimated 6.5 billion barrels of crude, of which about 1.4 billion barrels are currently considered recoverable.

Uganda’s deputy speaker, Thomas Tayebwa, reacted angrily to the EU parliament resolution. “These are projects which were approved by the parliament of Uganda, the parliament of a sovereign country and anything to do with challenging their approval is an affront to the independence of this house and we cannot take it lightly,” he said on Thursday.

But environmental group Friends of the Earth France welcomed the MEPs’ stance. “It sends a strong political message against the Tilenga and EACOP projects, whose human, environmental and climate costs are undeniable and simply unacceptable,” senior campaigner Juliette Renaud said in a statement.

Tilenga is the oilfield development project operated by TotalEnergies in the Lake Albert region of northwestern Uganda. The company has insisted it has taken steps to reduce the overall scheme’s impact on people and the environment.

“We are doing everything we can to make it an exemplary project in terms of transparency, shared prosperity, economic and social progress, sustainable development, with environmental consideration and respect for human rights,” it said in reaction to the EU parliament resolution.

Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni has in the past hailed the project as a major economic boost for the landlocked country, where many live in poverty.

European Parliament slams two TotalEnergies Oil Projects in Uganda

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On Thursday, September 15, the European Parliament passed an emergency resolution by a large majority denouncing the consequences of oil mega projects in Uganda and Tanzania, particularly two projects from French multinational TotalEnergies: Tilenga and EACOP. The resolution referred to “human rights violations”, “acts of intimidation”, “judicial harassment”, and “immense” risks and impacts on local communities, the environment and the climate.

TotalEnergies hopes to exploit the oil lying beneath Lake Albert in western Uganda. More than 400 wells are to be drilled from December onwards, including 132 in the protected natural area of Murchison Falls National Park. Production from the Tilenga project (190,000 barrels per day), together with another area operated by the Chinese oil giant CNOOC, will be exported to Tanzania through a 1,445-kilometer buried pipeline called the East African Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP). It will be the longest heated pipeline in the world. In total, these two projects represent an investment of $10 billion, and production is scheduled to begin in 2025 for a period of 25 years.

The European Parliament is calling for a halt to drilling in the “protected and sensitive” ecosystems and postponement of work on EACOP for a year to “study the feasibility of an alternative route” that would preserve the environment and “consider other projects based on renewable energy.” The MEPs also call for an end to human rights violations, including the “immediate release” of human rights defenders arrested in an “arbitrary” manner. And they call for “prompt, fair and adequate” compensation for those expropriated or deprived of access to their land by the Eacop project.

Expropriated people waiting for compensation

The resolution, which is non-binding but politically significant, includes the conclusions from various independent experts. It describes a danger for the environment and water resources, with inevitable oil spills and risks at EACOP’s offshore installations, which will be built “in a high tsunami-risk zone.” It also points out that the two projects could emit up to 34 million tons of CO2 per year, more than 30 times the current annual emissions of Uganda and Tanzania combined.

Besides the environment, MEPs are concerned about the fate of the 118,000 partially or totally expropriated residents, who have lost the free use of all or part of their land for three years. The promised compensation has often arrived late if at all, and is often insufficient, so that “many farmers can no longer make a living,” explained French MEP Pierre Larrouturou (Socialists and Democrats, S&D), who wrote the motion together with three other members of his group. According to figures from Friends of the Earth, based on data from TotalEnergies, 84,500 people are still waiting for compensation.

European Parliament Pass Resolutions Concerning Violation of Human Rights and Climate Linked to EACOP

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The European parliament on Thursday, 15, September, 2022, made resolutions that would guide to cab the disastrous results of human right violation and climate change due to the construction of the East African Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP).

The EACOP construction is championed by French oil brand TotalEnergies as the main investor, together with the China National Offshore Oil Corporation, the Uganda National Oil Company, and the Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation.

The EACOP pipeline project is to stretch from Lake Albert in western Uganda to Tanzania at Tanga where the crude will be delivered for refining. Total has started two major oil exploration projects in Uganda, one of which is the Tilenga project, which will involve drilling for oil within the Murchison Falls natural protected area.

When the projected is completed, the Pipeline would generate over 34 million tons of CO2 emission every year, and threaten protected wildlife.

The EU Parliament resolutions call for the end to the extractive activities in the protected and sensitive ecosystems. These include the shores of Lake Albert to the 132 wells that Total plans to construct into the Murchison Falls National Park and to the numerous protected systems which the 500C heated EACOP pipeline will cross.

The parliament also urges TotalEnergies to take one year before launching the project to explore alternative projects based on renewable energies for better economic development.

The EU resolution insert more pressure on the financiers and corporations behind EACOP that are already facing sustained resistance from local communities and millions of people around the world.

The resolution comes against the background of recent protests by communities in parts of Uganda, which are citing failure by Total to mitigate against the impacts they have felt from the Tilenga project.

About 20 banks around the world have made clear they will not finance the EACOP, European financiers including Standard Chartered, BBVA, Santander, and Natixis have not yet distanced themselves from the project.

Clémence Dubois, France Team Lead at 350.org, says: “This is an important step forward in the fight against EACOP. The pressure is growing daily against Total and this project at all levels of society and throughout the world. We won’t stop until the project is stopped. No banks or financers who currently fund Total can ignore their responsibility, and they should be prepared to meet increasing pressure too, until they stop financing climate bombs like this around the world.”

Omar Elmawi, Coordinator at Stop EACOP campaign, says: “By denouncing the persecution and intimidation of human rights defenders who dare to criticize the project – several of whom have been arbitrarily arrested in the past – the resolution by the European parliament is sending a clear message that the rights of the people in Uganda and Tanzania should come before the interests of corporations and governments out to enrich themselves.

“The resolution however urges Total to study the feasibility of an alternative road but if we want to safeguard the environment and water resources, there’s only one road – ending this project that violates human rights and our environment. Communities and climate activists have already expressed their concerns and continued resistance to EACOP. The responsibility lies with the financiers to take a stand against this project.”

UNICEF Appoints Climate Activist Vanessa Nakate as Goodwill Ambassador

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Vanessa Nakate

The UNICEF has appointed a 25 year old Ugandan climate activist Vanessa Nakate as the newest Goodwill Ambassador.

Affirming her collaboration with the organization and recognizing her outstanding global advocacy for climate justice for current and future generations.

Last week Nakate travelled with UNICEF to Turkana Country in north-western Kenya to get firsthand impacts of water and food insecurity which is as a result of worst drought in the Horn of Africa in 40 years. In her first trip with UNICEF, she met with communities on the frontlines of the climate crisis, including mothers and babies receiving lifesaving treatment for severe acute malnutrition and families benefiting from solar-powered water supply systems.

“This role with UNICEF will provide me with more opportunities to meet children and young people in the places most affected by climate change and an expanded platform to advocate on their behalf,” Nakate said.

“In Kenya, the people I met told me about the impact of climate change and drought on their lives, with four consecutive failed rainy seasons depriving children of their most basic rights. One community had not received any rainfall for over two years. This is more than a food and nutrition crisis, it is yet another dimension of our worsening climate crisis.”

UNICEF’s appeal to improve families’ long-term resilience in the Horn of Africa region and therefore help stop drought devastating lives for years to come is currently just 3 per cent funded.

“As a young African woman, I have had to fight to be heard by the media and decision makers. While I am fortunate to have a platform now, I intend to continue fighting for others. The children on the frontlines of the climate crisis, like those I just met in Turkana, Kenya, are the people for whom I will fight in my new role with UNICEF,” said Nakate.

The UNICEF Executive Director Catherine Russell said she hopes Nakate’s appointment “will help ensure that the voices of children and young people are never cut out of the conversation on climate change – and always included in decisions that affect their lives.”

We hope her appointment as a UNICEF Global Goodwill Ambassador will help ensure that the voices of children and young people are never cut out of the conversation on climate change and always included in decisions that affect their lives, Russell said.

Nakate started her activism activities in 2019 with a protest with her siblings and cousins on the streets of Kampala, inspired by Greta Thunberg. Since then she has used her platform to advocate for climate justice to include every community, especially those from the most affected places.

She continued to protest every week, becoming a well-known face in a movement of young people “striking” for the climate around the world. In 2020 she came to further global prominence when she was cropped out of a news photo she appeared in alongside Thunberg and other white climate activists. Nakate’s response to the incident, in which she said the news outlet “didn’t just erase a photo, you erased a continent”, made international headlines.

She founded Rise Up Movement, a platform to elevate the voices of African climate activists, as well as a project to install solar panels in rural Ugandan schools. She has addressed world leaders at the COP25 and COP26 climate summits and appeared on the cover of TIME magazine.

Nakate joins the ranks of other recent high-profile supporters such as actor Priyanka Chopra Jonas, recording artists Katy Perry and Angelique Kidjo, Syrian refugee and education activist Muzoon Almellehan and, most recently, UNICEF’s youngest-ever Goodwill Ambassador actress Millie Bobby Brown.

Tips for a Successful Self Guided Tour in Uganda

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Having a successful safari outside your country is one of the splendid experiences that create a life time memory to the adventurous travellers. On the African continent, Uganda – the Pearl of Africa is among the best countries that are good for a self- drive holiday safari due to its abundance tourist attractions like snow- capped mountains, large fresh water bodies, rivers, forests, game reserves and national parks. The country is bordered by Kenya to the East, Democratic Republic of Congo to the West, South Sudan to the North, Rwanda to the southwest and Tanzania to the south. In the southern part, the country occupies part of Lake Victoria which is shared with Kenya and Tanzania.

For the success of your self-drive safari in Uganda, there is different travel itineraries designed to help you throughout your beautiful trip. Uganda encompasses a number of car rental companies that provide visitors with different services like car hire services, booking and reserving accommodations for the clients, airport transfer services and many others. For a success of your Uganda self- drive safari, below are some of the tips that will help you achieving your wish;

Proper planning

Before starting off your journey to any Uganda destination, a proper planning should be made. While planning, find out the proper vehicle to use to your destination, the costs needed for the safari, the personal requirements to pack, and the necessary documents like the passports, national identity card, medical forms and many others. This planning and preparation will surely be a root to the success of your safari in the pearl of Africa during your self-drive safari.

Research about the destination

In preparation of the safari, get time and search about your safari destination and how safe the country is. The research will make your planning easy since you will get to know about the attractions and activities that can be done it that particular destination. Also, the research will help you know the best vehicle to hire for the journey.

Find out the requirements needed for a safari

After planning and researching about the safari destination, find out the suitable requirements for the safari including the clothes to wear at the destination, different documents like passports, driving license, medical forms and many others. Other requirements needed in a self-drive trip include the pair of binoculars, and a digital camera that will help your capture your best times.

Choose the best accommodation

A beautiful sleep creates perfect memories during any trip and a bad sleep erodes all the good experiences. For a successful self-drive safari in Uganda, choose the appropriate accommodation for the best and safe nights of your safari. When booking, keep some information of the reserved hotel like contacts which will easier the communication terms in case of delays or other inquiries.

Obey traffic rules and regulations

During your self-drive Uganda experience, avoid driving in late hours since you may not be able to tell the right conditions of the road to your destination. Avoiding night drives will definitely be one of your safeties since a number of Uganda roads do not have street lights and incase of any problem, getting assistance and help will be difficult during night hours.

Time management

For the success of your self-drive safari in Uganda, time management should be part of you at all times. This will help you spot various wildlife species like lions, leopards, African elephants, hyenas, tigers, buffalos, giraffes and many others during different park experiences like game drives, and nature walks in the plains of the parks

Have some extra money with you

For the success of your safari, it it’s always good not to rely on the expenses used during safari preparations. You should maintain some cash in your pocket that will help you buy the stuffs and some snacks that you forgot in the first place.

Makerere’s Legendary Lumumba Hall to be renovated

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Dilapitated Lumuba Hall

The Makerere University Vice Chancellor Prof. Barnabas Nawangwe has ordered students who are residentsvof Lumumba Hall to immediately vacate and pave way for its renovation.

Several students had remained in Lumumba hall to buy time of completing their recess, but in a letter dated September, 12th 2022 by the Vice Chancellor addressed to the dean of students, Prof. Nawangwe directed all students still living in the hall to relocate to other halls of residence and create space for renovation.

“The purpose of this letter is to communicate to you the management’s decision and guide as follows; Lumumba hall should be closed with immediate effect to pave the way for renovation. Government-sponsored continuing students currently accommodated in Lumumba Hall should be relocated to the other halls of residence,” part of the letter reads.

“By copy of this letter, the chief security officer is requested to secure vacant possession of Lumumba Hall to pave way for smooth handover of the premises to the contractor,’’ another part of the letter reads.

The Vice-chancellor further said that said the decision was taken after a meeting by the University Central management committee. “At the University central management committee meeting held on September 12, 2022, it was agreed upon to commence the urgent renovation of halls of residence starting with Lumumba Hall”, part of the letter reads.

Students who remained at the Lumumba hall to accomplish their recess have to vacate the hall of residence as soon as possible.

Jonathan Opolot a student doing a bachelor of Medicine and surgery said the relocation came with some complexity because rooms in the University hall already have occupants.

Opolot added on that the occupants of the rooms at University hall left many of their equipment and they were left with limited space to accommodate those who are being transferred.

There has been several concerns about the state of halls of residence at the University. In 2019, Members of Parliament on the Education committee visited the university as part of the probe over the impasse at Makerere that saw two weeks long student protest against the 15% cumulative tuition increment.

The committee was shocked over the poor state of the students’ halls of residence on campus. MPs noted that the students’ halls of residence are completely dilapidated and recommended a complete renovation.

In Lumumba Hall alone, Block C has been closed since 2006 when it was cordoned off due to its poor state, but its renovation has been pending up to date. Before its closure, it was accommodating close to 200 students.

The hall was designed to accommodate about 752 students, with 241 double rooms and 2 open block. It was opened in 1971 and it is one of the nine halls of residence at Makerere University of which six are for males and the remaining three are for females.

One Killed, Five Injured in Grenade Explosion in Koboko

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Grenade Attack on Kenya

One child has been confirmed dead and five others critically injured after a grenade exploded in Koboko municipality in the West Nile region.

The exploded child was identified as Jamal Aliga, 14, and the injured are identified as Sharif Rogota 7, Mudashiri Raisi 10, Habib 10, Yusuf Lega 10, and Lucky Yasir 12.

All victims are pupils of Nile Junior Nursery and Primary school. They are now admitted at Koboko hospital where they are receiving treatment.

According to eye witness the grenade explosion incident happened Saturday evening at the Siniyan stream in Lipa cell, Mengo ward, South Division in Koboko municipality where the children had gone swimming.

These children discovered a rusty grenade in the river and one of them tried to hit it on the stone to remove the rust so that they could use it as a microphone while playing, according to police statement.

According to the West Nile regional police spokesperson Josephine Angucia, the suspected grenade started producing sound and smoke before it exploded,

She explains that the police together with the UPDF detectives have recovered exhibits of fragments from the stream.

She cautioned parents to advise their children to be extra vigilant with suspicious-looking metals to avoid such incidents in the future.

Meanwhile, Elly Adriko, a clinical officer at Koboko hospital says those who have been admitted to the facility are responding well to the treatment.

In February 2021, a bomb explosion in Adjumani district killed six children and injured five others at Maji ll Refugee Settlement after they had gone to the bush on a playing spree. And this happened during the time when Uganda was at threat with the alleged ADF terrorism activities.

 

Queen Elizabeth II dies at 96 Years

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Queen Elizabeth II

In London, UK, the Royal Family confirmed on Thursday evening that Britain’s longest-reigning queen, Queen Elizabeth II, has died in Scotland.

“The Queen died peacefully this afternoon at Balmoral in Scotland.” The King and Queen Consort remained at Balmoral until Friday they transferred to London in the United Kingdom, according to a statement from the royal family.

Even through royal scandals, the contraction of the British Empire, and huge changes around the world, Queen Elizabeth, 96, was a symbol of stability and continuity. She recently oversaw the appointment of her 15th prime minister.

The ceremonial succession will take place over the following ten days, with Charles providing the world with a first look at what he will be like as monarch. However, the spotlight on Thursday was on the queen’s death, with Britons leaving flowers outside Buckingham Palace in London and condolences flooding in from all around the world.

The Queen’s death marks the loss of a revered monarch – the only one most Britons have ever known – as well as the end of a figure who served as a living link to World War II Britain, presided over its fitful adjustment to a post-colonial, post-imperial era, and saw it through its bitter divorce from the European Union.

The royal family’s future under a new monarch, Charles, is unknown. He remarried his second wife, Camilla, the Duchess of Cornwall, and his accession to the throne is no longer in dispute, as it was during his personal troubles.

However, Charles has long voiced a wish to streamline the family in order to reduce the strain on the public purse. And the royals’ internal conflict continues as they adjust to the departure of Harry and Meghan, who have settled in California.

Here are all the Queen Elizabeth II kingdoms where she reigned

During her reign, the monarchy’s footprint fell drastically, but at the time of her death, she was still the head of state of the United Kingdom and 14 Commonwealth countries, ranging from Canada and Jamaica to Australia and New Zealand. Queen Elizabeth II’s reign spanned the decline of Britain’s global prominence, from an empire that once ruled the world to a middle-ranking economy.

Queen Elizabeth II was anointed queen of seven separate countries at her coronation in 1953: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon, which later changed its name to Sri Lanka.

As decolonization progressed and British colonies and dependencies became new Commonwealth realms, the number of Commonwealth states rose. Some chose to keep her as President, while others did not. Where she remained queen, her role was mostly ceremonial, and her responsibilities were handled by one of her governor generals – a ruler who essentially acts as head of state.

She was the queen of each newly independent country in her own right, not just because she had previously been the British monarch. She was the head of state of Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and the United Kingdom at the time of her death.

These countries are separate from the larger 54-state Commonwealth of nations that have historical ties to the United Kingdom but have not always chosen to have the queen as their head of state.

During her reign, she was the head of state of 32 countries. Seventeen of them elected to dissolve ties after becoming independent. These nations are listed below.

  • Barbados 1966-2021
  • Ceylon (Sri Lanka) 1952-1972
  • Fiji 1970-1987
  • The Gambia 1965-1970
  • Ghana 1957-1960
  • Guyana 1966-1970
  • Kenya 1963-1964
  • Malawi 1964-1966
  • Malta 1964-1974
  • Mauritius 1968-1992
  • Nigeria 1960-1963
  • Pakistan 1952-1956
  • Sierra Leone 1961-1971
  • South Africa 1952-1961
  • Tanganyika 1961-1962
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1962-1976
  • Uganda 1962-1963

Between 1983 and 1987, she was the queen of 18 countries at the same time. Since then, Fiji (1987), Mauritius (1992), and Barbados (2021) have become republics. When Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe, declared its independence from Britain unilaterally in 1965, it pledged allegiance to the queen before declaring itself a republic with a president in 1970, though its status was never recognized internationally.

Being Queen of New Zealand also meant she was the head of state of the Cook Islands and Niue, which are related states within New Zealand’s realm. Britain controls 14 overseas territories, including Bermuda, the Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, and the British Antarctic Territory.

Her shortest tenure were in Kenya, Tanganyika (now Tanzania), and Uganda, where she ruled for exactly a year between independence from Britain and becoming a republic.

During her reign, eight referendums on establishing a republic were held, three of which were successful: Ghana (1960), South Africa (1960), and The Gambia (1960). (1970). Without holding a referendum, Barbados declared itself a republic. A first referendum in The Gambia (1965), two in Tuvalu (1986 and 2008), Australia (1999), and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (1999) and (2009) all failed.

Parliament Amends Computer Misuse Act

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Computer Misuse Act

The Kampala central Member of Parliament asked for a leave to go and work on the private bill on the computer misuse.

On Thursday 8, the Parliament passed the Computer Misuse (Amendment) Bill, 2022 privately moved by Muhammad Nsereko, Kampala Central MP, which imposes tough penalties for cyber-crimes.

The Computer Misuse (Amendment) Bill, 2022 sought to amend the Computer Misuse Act, 2011 to enhance the provisions on unauthorized access to information or data; prohibit the sharing of any information relating to a child without authorization from a parent or guardian; to prohibit the sending or sharing of information that promotes hate speech.

The legislation has been panned by a list of stakeholders, including the Ministry of ICT’s Permanent Secretary, Ms Aminah Zawedde, who requested that it be withdrawn, proposes a raft of punitive measures against people who send malicious information, hate speech, unsolicited information and sharing information about children without the consent of their parents or guardians.

With deletion of clauses that sought to bar convicts under the law from holding public office or running for elections in 10 years, the rest of the clauses unanimously sailed through uncontested, with MP Gorreth Namugga of Mawogola County South dissenting.

The ICT committee chairperson, Moses Magogo proposed a bill which defined social media and created penalties for computer users who take refuge in pseudo accounts.

“A person who uses social media to publish, distribute or share information, prohibited under the laws of Uganda or using disguised or false identity, commits an offence”.

A person who manages an account of an organization where this happens will be held liable for the commission of the offence, the bill provides.

The clause proceeded to give a diverse definition of social media to mean, “a set of technologies, sites, and practices which are used to share opinions, experiences and perspectives, and includes YouTube, WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, WeChat, TikTok, Sina Weibo, QQ, Telegram, Snapchat, Kuaishou, Qzone, Reddit, Quora, Skype, Microsoft Team and Linkedin”.

If a person is convicted guilty of such offences eligible for penalties of either a fine of Shs16 million, five years in jail or both fine and imprisonment.

Social media accounts that are verified will be presumed to be owned by the persons in whose names the accounts are run, unless the contrary is proved.

Also, a person whose telephone numbers and or email addresses have been used in creating social media, will be personally liable for prosecution for offences committed under the act as amended.

Magogo justified the clause as being intended to “provide for the regulation of social media”.

The bill also criminalized and defined unsolicited information, but excused commercial adverts from the categorization, granting advertisers the liberty to share information with target audiences.

“For the purposes of this section, “unsolicited information” means information transmitted to a person using the internet without the person’s consent, but does not include an unsolicited commercial communication,” partly reads clause 5.

In her minority report, MP Namugga said the bill was unconstitutional and implored the House not to pass it.

“The entire bill should not be left to stand as part of our laws as all the clauses are already catered for in existing legislation and in some instances offends the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda; the fundamental rights to access information electronically and to express oneself over computer networks are utterly risked by this bill,” she said.

She added: “lf passed into law, it will stifle the acquisition of information; the penalties proposed in the bill are overly harsh and disproportionate when compared to similar offences in other legislations; this bill if passed, will be a bad law and liable to constitutional petitions upon assent.”

Though passed with adjustments to the original draft, the Bill silences citizens who would want to put to account those responsible for managing the day-to-day affairs of the country. It imposes harsh penalties on such citizens who may share information the authorities deem malicious on social media.

The Bill was passed with scarcely any audible yes to combustible proposals put to the MPs for consideration.

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